Which of the following characterizes the disorder dystonia?
A) Slowness of motion
B) Difficulty swallowing
C) Impairment of speech
D) Abnormal muscle tone causing abnormal postures and muscle spasm

answer : D) Abnormal muscle tone causing abnormal postures and muscle spasm

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Dystonia- NORD (National Organization for RareDisorders)
rarediseases.org›rare-diseases/dystonia/Cached page
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Symptomsofthefollowingdisorderscan be similar to those ofdystonia….Essential tremor (ET) is a progressive, neurologicaldisordercharacterizedby tremor, most oftenofthehands or arms.
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Dystonia: Causes, Types, Symptoms, and Treatments
webmd.com›brain/dystonia-causes-types-symptoms…Cached page
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WebMD explains the various types ofdystonia, adisorderthat causes involuntary muscle contractions, along with their causes, symptoms, and treatments.
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Forms ofDystonia|DystoniaMedical Research Foundation
dystonia-foundation.org›what…dystonia…of-dystoniaCached page
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Generalizeddystonia: Generalizeddystoniaischaracterizedby twistingofthelimbs and torso….► Trauma:Dystoniamayfollowtrauma to the head and/or to a specific body area….► Neurological and metabolicdisorders:Dystoniacan occur as a symptom of…
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Dystonias Fact Sheet | National Institute of Neurological…
ninds.nih.gov›Disorders/Patient…Fact…Dystonias…Cached page
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Dystoniais adisordercharacterizedby involuntary muscle contractions that cause slow repetitive movements or abnormal postures….Some important genetic causes ofdystoniainclude mutations inthefollowinggenes: DYT3, which causesdystoniaassociated with…
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Dystonia: Get the Facts on the Syndrome and Treatment
medicinenet.com›dystonia/article.htmCached page
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Dystoniais adisordercharacterizedby involuntary muscle contractions that cause slow repetitive movements or abnormal postures….Some important genetic causes ofdystoniainclude mutations inthefollowinggenes: DYT3, which causesdystoniaassociated with…
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MovementDisorders- Child Neurology Foundation
childneurologyfoundation.org›disorders…disorders/Cached page
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A movementdisorderis defined as one or moreofthefollowing…Hyperkinetic movementdisorderswhich arecharacterizedby an excess of movement, such as: tics, stereotypies (all are in glossary except this word),dystonia, chorea, tremor and…
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Vegetative-vascular (neurocirculatory)dystonia: symptoms…
medicalj-center.info›diseases/cardiology…dystonia…Cached page
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Dystoniais adisorderof tone, or balance between the work of…In children autonomic dysfunction can occur as a resultofthefollowingfactors…Types ofdystonia. For VSDcharacterizedby the predominance of subjective feelings over the objectiveofthesurvey.
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Which of the followingcharacterizestheDisorderdystonia — browse images
Yandex.Images›Which of the following characterizes the disorder…Complain
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Dystonia– Classifications, Symptoms and Treatment
aans.org›Patients/Neurosurgical…and…DystoniaCached page
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Dystoniais a very complex, highly variable neurological movementdisordercharacterizedby involuntary muscle contractions. As many as 250,000 people in the United States havedystonia…
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Paroxysmal exercise-induceddystonia- Wikipedia
en.wikipedia.org›Paroxysmal exercise-induced dystoniaCached page
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Paroxysmal exercise-induceddystoniaor PED is a rare neurologicaldisordercharacterizedby sudden, transient, involuntary movements, often including repetitive twisting motions and painful posturing triggered by exercise or other physical exertion.
The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research
michaeljfox.org›understanding-parkinsons/living-…Cached page
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Dystoniaischaracterizedby painful, prolonged muscle contractions that cause involuntary repetitive twisting and sustained muscle contractions….Dystoniaand Parkinson’sdisease(or parkinsonism) are movementdisordersthat are closely related.
Dystonia
netdoctor.co.uk›conditions/brain-and…dystonia/Cached page
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Dystoniais a neurological movementdisorder, which ischaracterisedby spasms and sustained contractionsofthemuscles….Spasmodic dysphonia mayfollowan infectionoftherespiratory tract, injury to the larynx or a period of excess voice use.
TardiveDystonia: Practice Essentials, Background…
emedicine.medscape.com›article/287230-overviewCached page
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Practice Essentials. Tardivedystoniais a form of tardive dyskinesia. It is a movementdisordercharacterizedby involuntary muscle contractions caused primarily by…A routine evaluation may includethefollowing: Electrolyte levels. CBC count with peripheral smear.
Vegetatively vasculardystonia
arrhythmia.center›en/vsd/Cached page
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Vegetatively vasculardystoniais also known as neurolective, neurocirculatory, or simply VSD….At VSD it is recommended to visit sanatoriaofthefollowingtypes…Thediseasemay becharacterizedby a permanent flow, and then VSD becomes the cause…
Dystonia- Brain, Spinal Cord, and NerveDisorders
merckmanuals.com›home…disorders…disorders/dystoniaCached page
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Dystoniaischaracterizedby long-lasting (sustained) involuntary muscle contractions…They includethefollowing: Caudate nucleus (a C-shaped structure that tapers to a thin tail)….Geneticdisorders, such as generalizeddystoniaand dopa-responsivedystonia.
Cause of an inherited neurologicaldisorder… — ScienceDaily
sciencedaily.com›releases/2017/04/170410110229.htmCached page
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Followall of ScienceDaily’s latest research news and top science headlines!…Dystoniacan result from an injury or can be an inheriteddisorderin which patients progressively…13, 2015 — The genetic cause has been identified for a rarediseasecharacterizedby…

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